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Texas
Anti-Cruelty Statutes

TEXAS STATUTES AND CODES
PENAL CODE
TITLE 9. OFFENSES AGAINST PUBLIC ORDER AND DECENCY
CHAPTER 42. DISORDERLY CONDUCT AND RELATED OFFENSES

§ 42.09. Cruelty to Animals
(a) A person commits an offense if the person intentionally or knowingly:

(1) tortures an animal;

(2) fails unreasonably to provide necessary food, care, or shelter for
an animal in the person's custody;

(3) abandons unreasonably an animal in the person's custody;

(4) transports or confines an animal in a cruel manner;

(5) kills, seriously injures, or administers poison to an animal, other
than cattle, horses, sheep, swine, or goats, belonging to another
without legal authority or the owner's effective consent;

(6) causes one animal to fight with another;

(7) uses a live animal as a lure in dog race training or in dog
coursing on a racetrack;

(8) trips a horse;

(9) injures an animal, other than cattle, horses, sheep, swine, or
goats, belonging to another without legal authority or the owner's
effective consent; or

(10) seriously overworks an animal.

(b) It is a defense to prosecution under this section that the actor was engaged in bona fide experimentation for scientific research.

(c) For purposes of this section:

(1) "Abandon" includes abandoning an animal in the person's custody
without making reasonable arrangements for assumption of custody by
another person.

(2) "Animal" means a domesticated living creature and wild living
creature previously captured. "Animal" does not include an uncaptured
wild creature or a wild creature whose capture was accomplished by
conduct at issue under this section.

(3) "Cruel manner" includes a manner that causes or permits unjustified
or unwarranted pain or suffering.

(4) "Custody" includes responsibility for the health, safety, and
welfare of an animal subject to the person's care and control,
regardless of ownership of the animal.

(5) "Necessary food, care, or shelter" includes food, care, or shelter
provided to the extent required to maintain the animal in a state of
good health.

(6) "Trip" means to use an object to cause a horse to fall or lose its
balance.

(d) An offense under Subsection (a)(2), (3), (4), (9), or (10) is a Class A misdemeanor, except that the offense is a state jail felony if the person has previously been convicted two times under this section.

(e) It is a defense to prosecution under Subsection (a)(5) that the animal was discovered on the person's property in the act of or immediately after injuring or killing the person's goats, sheep, cattle, horses, swine, or poultry and that the person killed or injured the animal at the time of this discovery.

(f) It is a defense to prosecution under Subsection (a)(8) that the actor tripped the horse for the purpose of identifying the ownership of the horse or giving veterinary care to the horse.

NOTICE: FIRST OF TWO VERSIONS OF SUBSEC. (g)
As added by Acts 2001, ch. 54, § 3.

(g) It is a defense to prosecution for an offense under this section that the person had a reasonable fear of bodily injury to the person or to another by a dangerous wild animal as defined by Section 822.101, Health and Safety Code.

NOTICE: SECOND OF TWO VERSIONS OF SUBSEC. (g)
As added by Acts 2001, ch. 450, § 1.

(g) An offense under Subsection (a)(1), (5), (6), (7), or (8) is a state jail felony, except that the offense is a felony of the third degree if the person has previously been convicted two times under this section.

(h) It is an exception to the application of this section that the conduct engaged in by the actor is a generally accepted and otherwise lawful:

(1) use of an animal if that use occurs solely for the purpose of:

(A) fishing, hunting, or trapping; or

(B) wildlife control as regulated by state and federal law; or

(2) animal husbandry or farming practice involving livestock.

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