Owners that practice good dental care with their
dog will reap many
benefits in the long run.
The most common cause of bad breath is excessive
calculus and plaque
deposits on the teeth. Bacteria live and feed
plaque and produce gum and bone infection, pain,
and bad breath.
Calculus is a crusty
collection of food particles, minerals, and bacteria that forms at the teeth-gum borders.
Plaque formation eventually leads to gum disease,
mouth odors, receding
gums and bone destruction and infection. The
which plaque forms in your dog's mouth is mainly
due to genetic
predisposition, but can be slowed by daily oral
hygiene usingantiplaque liquid or gel and/or pastes and regular
professional cleaning and polishing.
and infected gums) of the teeth is often the cause of
kidney infections and endocarditis in older
pressure on the gums and infection of the teeth
is quite painful to your
An antiplaque liquid or gel (Chlorhexidine)
can be applied to the gum tissue with a cotton ball or swab. As an alternative,
bristle toothbrush or finger brush can be used
with a non-foaming
enzymatic toothpaste manufactured for dogs.
Treatments should be done daily or at least
every other day, dependingon the current problems. Only a few areas are
particularly susceptible to plaque and calculus
formation. The areas of
greatest concern are the canines and upper back
(side facing cheeks).
Chlorhexidine penetrates gum tissue and prevents
bacterial growth, plaque build-up, gingivitis, and bad breath.
In addition to the
canines and molars, look at the front incisor
teeth and brush away any
accumulation of hair and food at the gum line
Hextra chews containing Chlorhexidine
To remove existing calculus deposits, your dog
will require short general anesthesia and your dog's teeth will
be cleaned with
dental instruments along with an ultra-sonic
machine that vibrates the
calculus off the surface of the teeth. Calculus
the gum tissue is carefully removed using a
hand scaler. Finally, the
teeth are polished to reduce purchase for new
can often be done when the dog is under anasthetic
for other reasons,
such as neutering.
Dogs do not commonly get cavities. When they
do occur, it is more often at the root of the tooth rather than at the
Cavities can lead to root abscesses. Abscessed roots often cause a swelling just
below the animal's eye. Generally, tooth extractions are needed at this
here for dental care products