It is commonly mistaken for Parvovirus, but needs
different treatment. It's a BACTERIAL imbalance in the digestive
tract. It is a disease that produces acute infectious diarrhea
in puppies and kittens. This is NOT a new form of Parvo. Parvo
tests will show a LOW positive & subsequent tests will continue
to show low positives, will be inconclusive, or will give erratic
results. This disease is so similar to Parvo, that some dogs have
tested in the low positive for Parvo. But they do not have Parvo,
and it has been recommended that three parvo tests are needed
to exclude Parvo.
of infection is varied, but mostly from contact with urine, feces,
or something brought in on shoes, etc. It is also acquired by
contact with contaminated food, water or, raw meat (poultry, beef).
Symptoms usually start 12-48 hrs after initial contact & spread
to susceptible dogs rapidly (young or weaker dogs). Signs of acute
infection include vomiting and a watery, mucus, and sometimes
bloody diarrhea. Pups have a difficult time surviving, but if
caught quick enough (before anorexia), no one dies. Death occurs
because of dehydration. Some dogs get better without treatment.
Humans can contact this disease from animals. The incubation period
is one to seven days. The disease usually runs its course in five
to fifteen days. Antibiotics may be advisable.
disease can be tested for specifically, so if you have an affected
dog that appears to have Parvo, but in your mind know that, that
could not be possible, have them tested for "Camby".
It is important to note that this disease can be transferred between
humans, dogs, cats and other livestock. It starts with fecal mucus
sheath & continues to get progressively softer until it is
watery and contains blood. It then becomes explosive. Vomiting
may accompany and may or may not also contain blood. Feces have
a sweet/flowery aroma along with a "slaughterhouse on a summer
day" smell (similar to parvo diarrhea but with a floral hint).
Feces are usually mustard colored. Dogs dehydrate at an astounding
rate. Dogs are also at risk of intussusception .
NOT automatically assume Parvo when you see this. Parvo treatments
have killed the majority of Campylobacteriosis dogs.
is happening is that there is a bacterial growth in the digestive
tract which throws it off balance. The body is trying to counteract
this by removing the extra (or offending) bacteria. It seems to
do this by trying to remove ALL body fluids as quickly as possible.
Death is caused by massive dehydration. From the 1st signs of
symptoms, death can be as short as 12 hrs, or as long as 7 days.
The younger the dog, the worse it is. The key is to treat this
as fast as possible before the dogs go anorexic AND to treat ALL
dogs on the premises (erythromycin is the treatment of choice).
the diarrhea has stopped, you can cram the dog as full of fluids
as you want, just not when it is at its most fragile point. You
don't want to shock an already shocked system. Also, DO NOT flea-dip/worm/vaccinate
at this time, PLEASE!!!!! Anorexic dogs have to be tempted to
eat again. Rare, bloody, slightly garlicky & slightly salty
beef has worked the best in the past for getting the appetites
working. Start small. You may have to give anorexic dogs Nutri-Cal
to get them going again. But after they are cured they WILL begin
to eat again.
compiled from "The dog owner's home veterinary handbook"
and "The 5-minute veterinary consult"